Platform and hardware requirements and recommendations

The Vertica Analytics Platform is based on a massively parallel processing (MPP), shared-nothing architecture, in which the query processing workload is divided among all nodes of the Vertica database.

Hardware recommendations

The Vertica Analytics Platform is based on a massively parallel processing (MPP), shared-nothing architecture, in which the query processing workload is divided among all nodes of the Vertica database. OpenText highly recommends using a homogeneous hardware configuration for your Vertica cluster; that is, each node of the cluster should be similar in CPU, clock speed, number of cores, memory, and operating system version.

Note that OpenText has not tested Vertica on clusters made up of nodes with disparate hardware specifications. While it is expected that a Vertica database would functionally work in a mixed hardware configuration, performance will be limited to that of the slowest node in the cluster.

Vertica performs best on processors with higher clock frequency. When possible, choose a faster processor with fewer cores as opposed to a slower processor with more cores.

Tests performed both internally and by customers have shown performance differences between processor architectures even when accounting for differences in core count and clock frequency. When possible, compare platforms by installing Vertica and running experiments using your data and workloads. Consider testing on cloud platforms that offer VMs running on different processor architectures, even if you intend to deploy your Vertica database on premises.

Detailed hardware recommendations are available in Recommendations for Sizing Vertica Nodes and Clusters.

Platform requirements and recommnedations

You must verify that your servers meet the platform requirements described in Supported Platforms. The Supported Platforms topics detail supported versions for the following:

  • OS for Server and Management Console (MC)

  • Supported Browsers for MC

  • Supported File Systems

Install the latest vendor-specific system software

Install the latest vendor drivers for your hardware.

Data storage recommendations

  • All internal drives connect to a single RAID controller.

  • The RAID array should form one hardware RAID device as a contiguous /data volume.

Install Perl

Before you perform the cluster installation, install Perl 5 on all the target hosts. Perl is available for download from

Validation utilities

Vertica provides several validation utilities that validate the performance on prospective hosts. The utilities are installed when you install the Vertica RPM, but you can use them before you run the install_vertica script. See Validation scripts for more details on running the utilities and verifying that your hosts meet the recommended requirements.

Verify sudo

Vertica uses the sudo command during installation and some administrative tasks. Ensure that sudo is available on all hosts with the following command:

# which sudo

If sudo is not installed, on all hosts, follow the instructions in How to Enable sudo on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

When you use sudo to install Vertica, the user that performs the installation must have privileges on all nodes in the cluster.

Configuring sudo with privileges for the individual commands can be a tedious and error-prone process; thus, the Vertica documentation does not include every possible sudo command that you can include in the sudoers file. Instead, Vertica recommends that you temporarily elevate the sudo user to have all privileges for the duration of the install.

To allow root sudo access on all commands as any user on any machine, use visudo as root to edit the /etc/sudoers file and add this line:

## Allow root to run any commands anywhere
root   ALL=(ALL) ALL

After the installation completes, remove (or reset) sudo privileges to the pre-installation settings.

BASH shell requirements

All shell scripts included in Vertica must run under the BASH shell. If you are on a Debian system, then the default shell can be DASH. DASH is not supported. Change the shell for root and for the dbadmin user to BASH with the chsh command.

For example:

# getent passwd | grep root

# chsh
Changing shell for root.
New shell [/bin/dash]: /bin/bash
Shell changed.

Then, as root, change the symbolic link for /bin/sh from /bin/dash to /bin/bash:

# rm /bin/sh
# ln -s /bin/bash /bin/sh

Log out and back in for the change to take effect.