Subqueries in the SELECT list

Subqueries can occur in the select list of the containing query.

Subqueries can occur in the select list of the containing query. The results from the following statement are ordered by the first column (customer_name). You could also write ORDER BY 2 and specify that the results be ordered by the select-list subquery.

=> SELECT c.customer_name, (SELECT AVG(annual_income) FROM customer_dimension
    WHERE deal_size = c.deal_size) AVG_SAL_DEAL FROM customer_dimension c
     ORDER BY 1;
 customer_name | AVG_SAL_DEAL
 Goldstar      |       603429
 Metatech      |       628086
 Metadata      |       666728
 Foodstar      |       695962
 Verihope      |       715683
 Veridata      |       868252
 Bettercare    |       879156
 Foodgen       |       958954
 Virtacom      |       991551
 Inicorp       |      1098835


  • Scalar subqueries in the select-list return a single row/column value. These subqueries use Boolean comparison operators: =, >, <, <>, <=, >=.

    If the query is correlated, it returns NULL if the correlation results in 0 rows. If the query returns more than one row, the query errors out at run time and Vertica displays an error message that the scalar subquery must only return 1 row.

  • Subquery expressions such as [NOT] IN, [NOT] EXISTS, ANY/SOME, or ALL always return a single Boolean value that evaluates to TRUE, FALSE, or UNKNOWN; the subquery itself can have many rows. Most of these queries can be correlated or noncorrelated.

  • Subqueries in the ORDER BY and GROUP BY clauses are supported; for example, the following statement says to order by the first column, which is the select-list subquery:

    => SELECT (SELECT MAX(x) FROM t2 WHERE y=t1.b) FROM t1 ORDER BY 1;

See also