Identifying accepted and rejected rows (JDBC)

The return value of PreparedStatement.executeBatch is an integer array containing the success or failure status of inserting each row.

The return value of PreparedStatement.executeBatch is an integer array containing the success or failure status of inserting each row. A value 1 means the row was accepted and a value of -3 means that the row was rejected. In the case where an exception occurred during the batch execution, you can also get the array using BatchUpdateException.getUpdateCounts().

The following example extends the example shown in Batch inserts using JDBC prepared statements to retrieve this array and display the results the batch load.

import java.sql.*;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Properties;

public class BatchInsertErrorHandlingExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Properties myProp = new Properties();
        myProp.put("user", "ExampleUser");
        myProp.put("password", "password123");
        Connection conn;

        // establish connection and make a table for the data.
        try {
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection(

            // Disable auto commit

            // Create a statement
            Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();
            // Drop table and recreate.
            stmt.execute("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS customers CASCADE");
            stmt.execute("CREATE TABLE customers (CustID int, Last_Name"
                            + " char(50), First_Name char(50),Email char(50), "
                            + "Phone_Number char(12))");

            // Some dummy data to insert. The one row won't insert because
            // the phone number is too long for the phone column.
            String[] firstNames = new String[] { "Anna", "Bill", "Cindy",
                            "Don", "Eric" };
            String[] lastNames = new String[] { "Allen", "Brown", "Chu",
                            "Dodd", "Estavez" };
            String[] emails = new String[] { "",
                            "", "",
                            "", "" };
            String[] phoneNumbers = new String[] { "123-456-789",
                            "555-444-3333", "555-867-53093453453",
                            "555-555-1212", "781-555-0000" };

            // Create the prepared statement
            PreparedStatement pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(
                            "INSERT INTO customers (CustID, Last_Name, " +
                            "First_Name, Email, Phone_Number)" +
                            " VALUES(?,?,?,?,?)");

            // Add rows to a batch in a loop. Each iteration adds a
            // new row.
            for (int i = 0; i < firstNames.length; i++) {
                // Add each parameter to the row.
                pstmt.setInt(1, i + 1);
                pstmt.setString(2, lastNames[i]);
                pstmt.setString(3, firstNames[i]);
                pstmt.setString(4, emails[i]);
                pstmt.setString(5, phoneNumbers[i]);
                // Add row to the batch.

            // Integer array to hold the results of inserting
            // the batch. Will contain an entry for each row,
            // indicating success or failure.
            int[] batchResults = null;

            try {
                // Batch is ready, execute it to insert the data
                batchResults = pstmt.executeBatch();
            } catch (BatchUpdateException e) {
                // We expect an exception here, since one of the
                // inserted phone numbers is too wide for its column. All of the
                // rest of the rows will be inserted.
                System.out.println("Error message: " + e.getMessage());

                // Batch results isn't set due to exception, but you
                // can get it from the exception object.
                // In your own code, you shouldn't assume the a batch
                // exception occurred, since exceptions can be thrown
                // by the server for a variety of reasons.
                batchResults = e.getUpdateCounts();
            // You should also be prepared to catch SQLExceptions in your own
            // application code, to handle dropped connections and other general
            // problems.

            // Commit the transaction

            // Print the array holding the results of the batch insertions.
            System.out.println("Return value from inserting batch: "
                            + Arrays.toString(batchResults));
            // Print the resulting table.
            ResultSet rs = null;
            rs = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT CustID, First_Name, "
                            + "Last_Name FROM customers ORDER BY CustID");
            while ( {
                System.out.println(rs.getInt(1) + " - "
                                + rs.getString(2).trim() + " "
                                + rs.getString(3).trim());

            // Cleanup
        } catch (SQLException e) {

Running the above example produces the following output on the console:

Error message: [Vertica][VJDBC](100172) One or more rows were rejected by the server.Return value from inserting batch: [1, 1, -3, 1, 1]
1 - Anna Allen
2 - Bill Brown
4 - Don Dodd
5 - Eric Estavez

Notice that the third row failed to insert because its phone number is too long for the Phone_Number column. All of the rest of the rows in the batch (including those after the error) were correctly inserted.