Setting and getting connection property values

When creating a connection to Vertica, you can set connection properties by:.

You can set a connection property in one of the following ways:

  • Include the property name and value as part of the connection string you pass to the method DriverManager.getConnection().

  • Set the properties in a Properties object, and then pass it to the method DriverManager.getConnection().

  • Use the method VerticaConnection.setProperty(). With this approach, you can change only those connection properties that remain changeable after the connection has been established.

Also, some standard JDBC connection properties have getters and setters on the Connection interface, such as Connection.setAutoCommit().

Setting properties when connecting

When creating a connection to Vertica, you can set connection properties by:

  • Specifying them in the connection string.

  • Modifying the Properties object passed to getConnection().

Connection string properties

You can specify connection properties in the connection string with the same URL parameter format used for usernames and passwords. For example, the following string enables a TLS connection:


Setting a host name using the setProperty() method overrides the host name set in a connection string. If this occurs, Vertica might not be able to connect to a host. For example, using the connection string above, the following overrides the VerticaHost name:

Properties props = new Properties();
props.setProperty("dataSource", dataSourceURL);
props.setProperty("database", database);
props.setProperty("user", user);
props.setProperty("password", password);
ps.setProperty("jdbcDriver", jdbcDriver);
props.setProperty("hostName", "NonVertica_host");

However, if a new connection or override connection is needed, you can enter a valid host name in the hostname properties object.

The NonVertica_host hostname overrides VerticaHost name in the connection string. To avoid this issue, comment out the props.setProperty("hostName", "NonVertica_host");line:

//props.setProperty("hostName", "NonVertica_host");

Properties object

To set connection properties with the Properties object passed to the getConnection() call:

  1. Import the java.util.Properties class to instantiate a Properties object.

  2. Use the put() method to add name-value pairs to the object.

Properties myProp = new Properties();
myProp.put("user", "ExampleUser");
myProp.put("password", "password123");
myProp.put("LoginTimeout", "35");
Connection conn;
try {
    conn = DriverManager.getConnection(
        "jdbc:vertica://VerticaHost:/ExampleDB", myProp);
} catch (SQLException e) {

Getting and setting properties after connecting

After you establish a connection with Vertica, you can use the VerticaConnection methods getProperty() and setProperty() to set the values of some connection properties, respectively.

The VerticaConnection.getProperty() method lets you get the value of some connection properties. Use this method to change the value for properties that can be set after you establish a connection with Vertica.

Because these methods are Vertica-specific, you must cast your Connection object to the VerticaConnection interface with one of the following methods:

  • Import the Connection object into your client application.

  • Use a fully-qualified reference: com.vertica.jdbc.VerticaConnection.

The following example demonstrates getting and setting the value of the ReadOnly property.

import java.sql.*;
import java.util.Properties;
import com.vertica.jdbc.*;

public class SetConnectionProperties {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Note: If your application needs to run under Java 5, you need to
        // load the JDBC driver using Class.forName() here.
        Properties myProp = new Properties();
        myProp.put("user", "ExampleUser");
        myProp.put("password", "password123");
        // Set ReadOnly to true initially
        myProp.put("ReadOnly", "true");
        Connection conn;
        try {
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection(
            // Show state of the ReadOnly property. This was set at the
            // time the connection was created.
            System.out.println("ReadOnly state: "
                            + ((VerticaConnection) conn).getProperty(

            // Change it and show it again
            ((VerticaConnection) conn).setProperty("ReadOnly", false);
            System.out.println("ReadOnly state is now: " +
                             ((VerticaConnection) conn).getProperty(
        } catch (SQLException e) {

When run, the example prints the following on the standard output:

ReadOnly state: true
ReadOnly state is now: false